AutoCAD

Pick points quickly with object tracking in AutoCAD 2000

1 Oct, 2000 By: Bill Fane


AutoCAD 2000 greatly simplifies and extends the object tracking mode introduced in Release 14 (see Learning Curve, May 1999). Object tracking helps you locate points relative to other points in a drawing. Let’s turn on the Wayback Machine and go for a brief trip through the history of point selection. In the early releases of AutoCAD, you either typed in a coordinate pair or used an object snap to obtain a new point. A later release added point filtering, which let you snap to a point and then extract just a portion of the coordinate, such as the x, y, or z value or the xy, xz, or yz values. AutoCAD then prompted you for the missing values, which you could also supply by point filtering. This was potentially very useful, but also quite cumbersome.

As indicated in my May 1999 column, Release 14 added object tracking. This simplified the extraction of partial coordinates from a point, but is still a little messy.

AutoCAD 2000 develops object tracking to a fine art.

Figure 1. The goal is to draw a circle in the center of the hexagon.

Take a peek at figure 1. Suppose you need to draw a circle right in the center of the hexagon. You could use object snaps to draw a line from the middle of one side to the middle of the opposite side, draw a circle whose center is snapped to the middle of this new line, and then erase the line. Object tracking provides a much faster and easier way, but first you have to set things up.

Set to track
First, right-click on the Osnap button in the status bar at the bottom of the screen. Next, select Settings in the menu that pops up and make sure that only Endpoint and Midpoint are checked. Select OK.

Now make sure the Osnap and Otrack buttons are selected and start the Circle command.

When AutoCAD asks for a center point, don’t pick one. Instead, move the cursor to a point somewhere near the middle of the lower horizontal line until the triangular AutoTrack midpoint symbol appears. Do not click on this point, but simply pause there for a moment until a small plus sign appears.

Object Tracking has now acquired this point, but has not yet fed it to the Circle command.

Next, move the cursor near the upper end of the lower right line. The square AutoTrack endpoint symbol appears. Once again, do not click on this point, but simply pause for a moment until the small plus sign appears.

Once again, Object Tracking has acquired this point but has not fed it to the Circle command. Note that the previous midpoint tracking point is still active as well.

Figure 2. The dotted vertical line and tooltip mean that AutoCAD extracted the x coordinate from the first tracking point.

Now move the cursor until it is above the first tracking point. A dotted vertical line and a tooltip appear, as shown in figure 2, to indicate that AutoCAD has extracted the x coordinate from the first tracking point.

Now move the cursor so it is to the left of the second point but not above the first one. Figure 3 shows that AutoCAD shifts to extract the y coordinate from this point instead.

A bit of experimenting reveals that you can automatically shift between figures 2 and 3 simply by moving the cursor.

So what happens if you move the cursor above the first point and to the left of the second? Figure 4 shows that AutoCAD extracts the x and y coordinates as appropriate at the same time.

Figure 3. AutoCAD is ready to extract the y coordinate from the second point.
Figure 4. Depending on the cursor position, AutoCAD can extract both coordinates at the same time.

If you now left-click, you select the intersection of the two dotted lines as the center of the circle.

Figure 5. Voila! We’ve drawn our circle without using any construction lines.

You can now go back to selecting object tracking points as before. Figure 5 shows a circle whose radius is determined by the y coordinate of the midpoints of the lower and lower right lines. None of this required any construction lines. I needed only two mouse clicks to draw the circle.

Tracking tips
Let’s look at several significant points regarding object tracking.

  • It works only if one or more running Osnap setting modes is set and if Osnap is on.
  • Unlike in Release 14, you don’t need to specifically activate it each time you want to acquire a point. As long as the Otrack button is down, it is working.
  • Ortho does not need to be on. AutoCAD automatically extracts the x and y coordinates at all times.
  • Object tracking works with most object snap modes, including the new Extension mode.
  • It works with Polar mode and direct distance Entry (DDE), both of which were described in last month’s column (CADALYST, September).
  • It’s not limited to two tracking points. Any time you pause over an AutoTrack point, that point turns on. You can mark any number of points, but the only active ones are those that produce meaningful results from the current cursor position. All tracking points automatically clear once you select a resultant point.
  • You can turn an object tracking point off simply by pausing on it again for a few seconds.
  • Object tracking is not limited to lines or circles. You can use it with any command that asks for point inputs, including editing commands such as Move and Copy.
  • It is totally transparent. You can change Osnap mode settings and turn Otrack on and off at any time in the middle of any command, even while acquiring tracking points.
  • You can also create temporary tracking points where no suitable objects exist in your drawing. Whenever AutoCAD asks for a point,
    Figure 6. AutoCAD lets you establish temporary tracking points. You can also use direct distance entry with object tracking.
    you can type in the two letters TT. Pick a point, using object tracking if you want, and the little plus sign appears. This point is not fed to the current command, but is available for further use as a tracking point.

In figure 6, the dashed lines show how I located the TT point at the apparent intersection of the horizontal and upper right lines, then used DDE to locate the center of the circle at an exact distance above this point. The dashed lines are for illustration purposes and do not need to actually exist in the drawing.

Resistance is futile
Still not convinced that you should use object tracking?

Take a look at figure 7. Given the top and right side views, I created the front view without using any construction lines, without using Trim, Extend, or Erase, and without entering any specific distance values. The view is fully orthographic.

Figure 7. Given the top and side view, you can create the front view using object tracking only.
I created all the lines, including the hidden and center lines, by using object tracking to project all required points over and down from the two given views.

If you want to try it yourself, I have made the drawing available.

And now for something completely different
By the time you read this, it will probably be autumn. Now is a good time to replace your smoke-detector batteries. When you do, write the date on the outside of the case with a soft, black pencil. Now you can tell at a glance when they were last replaced.


AutoCAD Tips!

Lynn Allen

Autodesk Technical Evangelist Lynn Allen guides you through a different AutoCAD feature in every edition of her popular "Circles and Lines" tutorial series. For even more AutoCAD how-to, check out Lynn's quick tips in the Cadalyst Video Gallery. Subscribe to Cadalyst's free Tips & Tools Weekly e-newsletter and we'll notify you every time a new video tip is published. All exclusively from Cadalyst!
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