It's Been a Busy Year for AIA

8 Oct, 2008 By: Heather Livingston

The institute releases new IPD docs and bestows the '08 BIM Awards.

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) has been busy this year promoting both building information modeling (BIM) and integrated project delivery (IPD). In this newsletter I'll look at what they've been up to via the anticipated release of six new AIA Contract Documents, plus the 2008 BIM Awards, hosted by the AIA Technology in Architectural Practice Knowledge Community.

At the May AIA National Convention and Design Expo in Boston, the institute launched four integrated project delivery documents, the first of their kind from that organization. Last week, AIA announced the October 17, 2008, release of six new AIA Contract Documents. Referred to as the 3.5 Release, the new contracts include a BIM exhibit, two IPD agreements, two design-build agreements, and a scope of services document.

"We understand that the design and construction industry is evolving, and we are pleased to lead the way by introducing new documents that provide a road map for navigating BIM and IPD," said Suzanne Harness, managing director and counsel, AIA Contract Documents. Harness praises the documents as "easy to use, [reflecting] current industry practices, and fairly [balancing] all parties' interests."

2008 AIA BIM Award Winners

Category: Creating Stellar Architecture Using BIM
Winner: Wayne L. Morse U.S. Courthouse, Eugene, Oregon, by Morphosis for U.S. General Services Administration
Jury comment: "The courthouse moved into an aspect of fabrication that you couldn't do without BIM."

Category: Design Delivery Process Innovation Using BIM
Winner: One Island East, Hong Kong, China, by Gehry Technologies-Asia
Jury comment: "Many good examples of 'heterogenous' models."

Winner: Capture and modeling of existing building conditions using 3D laser scanning, by U.S. General Services Administration
Jury comment: "This submission is noteworthy in its use of IFCs in a highly integrated way."

Honorable Mention: 5 Communities Libraries Project, by BNBuilders, Inc.
Jury comment: "The Five Libraries project shows why BIM is important."

Category: Outstanding Sustainable Design Using BIM
Winner: Pilot Projects using BIM-based sustainable design tools, by U.S. General Services Administration
Jury comment: "The GSA takes the designers' database and gives end users the ability to use it."

Category: Support for Human Use and Innovative Program Requirements Using BIM
Winner: Automated Circulation Validation using BIM, by U.S. General Services Administration
Jury comment: "With the GSA US Courts Design Guide you can see how to expand BIM to accessibility code analysis."

Category: Academic Program or Curriculum Development
Winner: Studio 515, by University of Illinois at Chicago
Jury comment: "Use of portable modular housing showed Chicago innovative ways to solve housing problems."

Winner: BIM + (Architect + Contractor) = (Environment + Economics), an Interdisciplinary Course, by University of Oklahoma
Jury comment: "Teaching architecture is teaching a use the best interoperable tools at the time."

Winner: Exploring the Paradigm Shift in Architectural Engineering Education, by University of Wyoming
Jury comment: "This program illustrates how BIM will show a new generation how to design."

Winner: Multidisciplinary Modeling and Analysis, by Stanford University
Jury comment: "In 1994 we thought we could change the world in five years. Now it is 2008 and these awards show it is finally starting to happen."

Category: Jury's Choice
Winner: BIMstorm International BIM Charrette, by ONUMA, leading multidisciplinary team
Jury comment: "The BIMstorm is beyond BIM, it moves the industry forward."

New BIM Document
The AIA calls the new E202-2008 the "first of its kind in the industry." Written by industry practitioners as a practical tool for managing the use of BIM across an entire project, the E202 sets the requirements and authorized uses for BIM content and identifies BIM authors at five progressive levels of development. It also establishes protocols for model ownership, conflict resolution, storage, viewing, and archiving. Although written primarily to support a project using IPD, the AIA notes that the E202 may also be used for traditional design-bid-build project delivery.

"For the first time in the industry, this new AIA tool effectively allows users to work in partnership and assign responsibilities to successfully manage a BIM model. All parties can specify and understand each other's level of development within the model and reference it with confidence at any time," said Jim Bedrick, AIA, vice-president of Virtual Building and Design at Webcor Builders in San Mateo, California, and former member of the AIA Technology in Architectural Practice knowledge community Advisory Group. A free sample of the E202 will be available at after October 17.

New IPD Agreements
The two new IPD Agreements, C196-2008 and C197-2008, complete the Single Purpose Entity (SPE) family of AIA Contract Documents (the first was released in May, along with three IPD transitional agreements) and provide the needed contractual structure to secure funding and to design and construct the project. The AIA promotes these agreements as "taking care of the details." The details covered include how insurance will apply, how members may be paid for their services and limit their liability, which costs are "allowable", how a member can earn profit through incentive compensation and what happens at the end of the project.

New Design Build (DB) Agreements
The A441-2008 and C441-2008 complete the AIA's design-build family of documents. The two new design-build agreements communicate to the architect's consultants and the subcontractors the essential provisions of the original 2004 design-build agreements. The A441 and C441 documents address contractor/subcontractor and architect/consultant relationships including respective rights and responsibilities, roles, communications, compensation, dispute resolution, and payment.

New On-Site Project Representation Document
The new On-Site Project Representation scope of services document, B207-2008 (formerly B352-2000), adds to the more than 30 existing AIA Contract Documents B-Series documents for use in establishing agreements between owners and architects. The B207 provides agreement on the number of architect's representatives stationed at the project site, the services to be preformed, and the owner's responsibilities. The new document eliminates the need to create a custom scope of services document, with the anticipation of saving time and money.

The new AIA Contract Documents will be available in paper and software form on October 17, 2008, with the exception of the E202-2008, which will be available only in AIA software. AIA Contract Documents software can be purchased at Documents in paper form are available through AIA's full service distributors. For a listing of full service distributors and pricing information, please visit this page on AIA's Web site.

2008 BIM Awards
Somehow, with all of the technology on the Expo floor and the new IPD documents release at the AIA convention, the 2008 BIM Awards sadly received little to no attention, and some great projects were honored this year.

The Fourth Annual BIM Awards show greater acceptance of BIM technology in practice, education, and by owners, as well as an emphasis on how BIM can improve business processes. This year, higher education institutions finally are putting their programs behind BIM technology as evidenced by four awards in the academic category. Three recipients in the process category show that BIM's impact on business is improving the bottom line.


Wayne L. Morse U.S. Courthouse, winner, Creating Stellar Architecture Using BIM
(Photo: Tim Griffith).


One Island East, winner, Design Delivery Process Innovation Using BIM
(Rendering courtesy Gehry Technologies).

Other highlights include an award to design pioneer Morphosis for architectural excellence and the unanimous Jury's Choice award to BIMstorm, a BIM Web services project that featured an international team creating and analyzing 54 million square feet of models in one day, proving that what's been done with BIM thus far is merely the tip of the iceberg.


5 Communities Libraries Project, honorable mention, Design Delivery Process Innovation Using BIM
(Image courtesy BNBuilders).


BIMstorm International BIM Charette, winner, Jury's Choice
(Image courtesy ONUMA).

The following people served as jury members for the 2008 BIM Awards:

  • Vladimir Bazjanac, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
  • Carole Ross Barney, FAIA, Ross Barney Architects
  • J. Stuart Eckblad, AIA, University of California, San Francisco
  • Daniel Friedman, FAIA, University of Washington
  • Patrick MacLeamy, FAIA, HOK
  • Derek Cunz, Mortenson Construction
  • Nadine Post, Engineering News Record


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